Faculty


NAME
    Tzong-Yuan Juang
TITLE
    Assistant professor
AFFILIATION
EDUCATION
    Ph.D., Department of Chemical Engineering, National Chung-Hsing University
FIELDS OF
SPECIALTY
  • Polymer material
  • Functionalization of nanomaterials
  • Biomedical material
RESEARCH INTERESTS
  • Polymer material
  • Functionalization of nanomaterials
  • Biomedical material
Publications

Research papers

  1. Juang, T. Y.; Kao, J. C.; Wang, J. C.; Hsu, S. Y.; Chen, C. P.* Carbonized Bamboo–Derived Carbon Nanodots as Efficient Cathode Interfacial Layers in High-Performance Organic Photovoltaics. Adv. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 5, 1800031. (Front Cover Picture)
  2. Chen, C. H.; Lee, K. W.; Lin, C. H.*; Ho, M. J.; Hsu, M. F.; Hsiang, S. J.; Huang, N. K.; Juang, T. Y., High-Tg, Low-Dielectric Epoxy Thermosets Derived from Methacrylate-Containing Polyimides. Polymers 2018, 10, 27.
  3. Chen, C. H.; Lee, K. W.; Lin, C. H.*; Juang, T. Y., Low-Dissipation Thermosets Derived from Oligo(2,6-Dimethyl Phenylene Oxide)-Containing Benzoxazines. Polymers 2018, 10 , 411.
  4. Lin, C. M.; Chen, C. H.; Lin, C. H.*; Su, W. C.; Juang, T. Y., Using Dicyclopentadiene-Derived Polyarylates as Epoxy Curing Agents To Achieve High Tg and Low Dielectric Epoxy Thermosets. ACS Omega 2018, 3 (4), 4295.
  5. Chen, C. H.; Lin, C. H.*; Wong, T. I.; Wang, M. W.; Juang, T. Y., Thermosets derived from diallyl-containing main-chain type benzoxazine polymers. Polymer 2018, 149, 286.
  6. Lin, L. L.; Chi, M. C.; Lan, E. G.; Lin, M. G.; Juang, T. Y.*; Wang, T. F.*, Facile immobilization of Bacillus licheniformis γ-glutamyltranspeptidase onto graphene oxide nanosheets and its application to the biocatalytic synthesis of γ-l-glutamyl peptides. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 2018, 117, 1326.
  7. Lin, C. M.; Chen, C. H.; Lin, C. H.*; Juang, T. Y., High-performance bio-based benzoxazines derived from phosphinated biphenols and furfurylamine. European Polymer Journal 2018, 108, 48.
  8. Chen, C. H.; Lin, C. H.*; Hon, J. M.; Wang, M. W.; Juang, T. Y., First halogen and phosphorus-free, flame-retardant benzoxazine thermosets derived from main-chain type bishydroxydeoxybenzoin-based benzoxazine polymers. Polymer 2018, 154, 35.
  9. Hsu, H. L.+; Hsiao, H. T. +; Juang, T. Y. +; Jiang, B. H.; Chen, S. C.; Jeng, R. J.; Chen, C. P.*, Carbon Nanodot Additives Realize High-Performance Air-Stable p–i–n Perovskite Solar Cells Providing Efficiencies of up to 20.2%. Advanced Energy Materials 2018, 10.1002/aenm.201802323. (+co-first author)
  10. Lin, C. H.*; Chen, Z. J.; Chen, C. H.; Wang, M. W.; Juang, T. Y.*, Synthesis of a Bisbenzylideneacetone-Containing Benzoxazine and Its Photo- and Thermally Cured Thermoset. ACS Omega 2017, 2, 3432.
  11. Chen, C. H.; Lin, C. H.*; Wang, M. W.; Juang, T. Y.*, Low Dielectric Polyetherimides Derived from Bis[4-(4-(4-aminophenoxy)-2-tert-butylphenoxy)phenyl] Sulfone and 4,4′-Bis[4-(4-aminophenoxy)-2-tert-butylphenoxy]perfluorobiphenyl. ACS Omega 2017, 2, 4800.
  12. Kan, S. C.; Lee, C. C.; Hsu, Y. C.; Peng, Y. H.; Chen, C. C.; Huang, J. J.; Huang, J. W.; Shieh, C. J.; Juang, T. Y.*; Liu, Y. C.*, Enhanced surfactin production via the addition of layered double hydroxides. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 2017, 80, 10.
  13. Lin, C. H.*; Chien, C. K.; Chen, C. H.; Juang, T. Y.*, Photo-sensitive benzoxazine II: chalcone-containing benzoxazine and its photo and thermal-cured thermoset. RSC Advances 2017, 7, 37844.
  14. Juang, T. Y.; Hsu, Y. C. ; Jiang, B. H.; Chen, C. P.*, Highly Efficient Inverted Organic Photovoltaics Containing Aliphatic Hyperbranched Polymers as Cathode Modified Layers. Macromolecules, 2016, 49, 7837.
  15. Hsu, H. L.; Juang, T. Y.; Chen, C. P.; Hsieh, C. M.; Yang, C. C.; Huang, C. L.; Jeng, R. J., Enhanced efficiency of organic and perovskite photovoltaics from shape-dependent broadband plasmonic effects of silver nanoplates. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 2015, 140, 224.
  16. Kuo, Y. L.; Juang, T. Y.; Chang, S. H.; Tsai, C. M.; Lai, Y. S.; Yang, L. C.; Huang, C. L.*, Influence of Temperature on the Formation of Silver Nanoparticles by using a Seed-Free Photochemical Method under Sodium-Lamp Irradiation. ChemPhysChem. 2015, 16, 3254.
  17. Lin, C. H.*; Wang, M. W.; Chou, Y. W.; Chang, H. C.; Juang, T. Y.; Su, W. C., Synthesis of a phosphinated tetracyanate ester and its miscible blend with 4, 4′-oxydianiline/phenol-based benzoxazine. RSC Advances 2015, 5, 10165.
  18. Lin, C. H.*; Wong, T. I.; Wang, M. W.; Chang, H. C.*; Juang, T. Y., Synthesis of diallyl‐containing polyimide and the effect of allyl groups on properties. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2015, 53, 513.
  19. Juang, T. Y.*; Kan, S. J.; Chen, Y. Y.; Tsai, Y. L.; Lin, M. G.; Lin, L. L.* Surface-Functionalized Hyperbranched Poly(amido acid) Magnetic Nanocarriers for Covalent Immobilization of a Bacterial g-Glutamyltranspeptidase. Molecules 2014, 19, 4997.
  20. Su, Y. A.; Chen, W. F.; Juang, T. Y.*; Ting, W. H.; Liu, T. Y.; Hsieh, C. F.; Dai, S. A.; Jeng, R. J.*, Honeycomb-like polymeric films from dendritic polymers presenting reactive pendent moieties. Polymer 2014, 55, 1481.
  21. Lin, C. H.; Shih, Y. S.; Wang, M. W.; Tseng, C. Y.; Juang, T. Y.; Wang, C. F., Emission and surface properties of main-chain type polybenzoxazine with pyridinyl moieties. RSC Advances 2014, 4, 8692.
  22. Lin, C. H.*; Chen, J. C.; Huang, C. M.; Juang, T. Y.* High-performance thermosetting films based on an amino-functionalized poly(ether sulfone) J. Appl. Poly. Sci.2014, 131, 40980.
  23. Lin, C. H.; Hsu, C. K.; Wang, M. W.; Dai, S. A.; Juang, T. Y., Phosphinated phenols from acid-fragmentation of bisphenols and their unsymmetrical diamine derivatives for copolyimides. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2014, 52, 390.
  24. Lin, C. H.; Huang, C. M.; Wang, M. W.; Dai, S. A.; Chang, H. C.; Juang, T. Y., Synthesis of a phosphinated acetoxybenzoic acid and its application in enhancing Tg and flame retardancy of poly(ethylene terephthalate). Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry 2014, 52, 424.
  25. Shiau, S. F.; Juang, T. Y.*; Chou, H. W.; Liang, M.* “Synthesis and Properties of New Water-Soluble Aliphatic Hyperbranched Poly(amido acids) with High pH-Dependent Photoluminescence“ Polymer 2013, 54, 623.
  26. Lin, C. H.*; Wang, Y. R.; Feng, Y. R.; Wang, M. W.; Juang, T. Y.* “An Approach of Modifying Poly(aryl ether ketone) to Phenol-containing Poly(aryl ether) and its Application in Preparing High-performance Epoxy Thermosets” Polymer 2013, 54, 1612.
  27. Lin, C. H.*; Chang, S. L.; Wang, Y. R.; Hsu, C. K.; Juang, T. Y.* “Synthesis of Thermosetting Polyetherimide-containing Allyl Groups” J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Chem. 2013, 51, 1734.
  28. Wang, M. W.; Lin, C. H.; Juang, T. Y., “Steric Hindrance Control Synthesis of Primary Amine-Containing Benzoxazines and Properties of the Resulting Poly(benzoxazine imide) Thermosetting Films” Macromolecules 2013, 46, 8853.
  29. Lin, C. H.; Chen, J. C.; Huang, C. M.; Jehng, J. M.; Chang, H. C.; Juang, T. Y.; Su, W. C., “Side-chain phenol-functionalized poly(ether sulfone) and its contribution to high-performance and flexible epoxy thermosets” Polymer 2013, 54, 6936.
  30. Lin, C. H.; Feng, Y. R.; Dai, K. H.; Chang, H. C.; Juang, T. Y. “Synthesis of a Benzoxazine with Precisely Two Phenolic OH Linkages and the Properties of its High-performance Copolymers”  J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Chem. 2013, 51, 2686.
  31. Lin, C. H.; Li, C. M.; Hsu, C. K.; Chang, H. C.; Juang, T. Y. “Facile Synthesis of High-performance Poly(pyrrolone imide)s from an Unsymmetric Phosphinated Triamine” J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Chem. 2013, 51, 2709.
  32. Shau, S. M.; Juang, T. Y.*; Lin, H. S.; Huang, C. L.; Hsieh, C. F.; Wu, J. Y.; Jeng, R. J.* “Individual Graphene Oxide Platelets Through Direct Molecular Exfoliation With Globular Amphiphilic Hyperbranched Polymers” Polymer Chemistry, 2012, 3, 1249.
  33. Kuo, M. C.; Shau, S. M.; Su, J. M.; Jeng, R. J.*; Juang, T. Y.*; Dai, S. A.* “Preparation of Supramolecular Extenders with Precise Chain Lengths via Iterative Synthesis and Their Applications in Polyurethane Elastomers” Macromolecules 2012, 45, 5358.
  34. Shau, S.-M.; Chang, C.-C.; Lo, C.-H.; Chen, Y.-C.; Juang, T.-Y.; Dai, S. A.; Lee, R.-H.; Jeng, R.-J. “Organic/Metallic Nanohybrids Based on Amphiphilic Dumbbell-Shaped Dendrimers” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2012, 4, 1897.
  35. Chen, G. L.; Shau, S. M.; Juang, T. Y.*; Lee, R. H.*; Chen, C. P.; Suen, S. Y.; Jeng, R. J.* “Single-Layered Graphene Oxide Nanosheet/Polyaniline Hybrids Fabricated Through Direct Molecular Exfoliation” Langmuir, 2011, 27, 14563.
  36. Juang, T. Y.*; Liu, J. K.; Chang, C. C.; Shau, S. M.; Tsai, M. H.; Dai, S. A.; Su, W. C.; Lin, C. H.; Jeng, R. J. “A Reactive Modifier that Enhances the Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Resin Through the Formation of Multiple Hydrogen-Bonded Network”, J. Poly. Res., 2011, 18, 1169.
  37. Shau, S. M.; Juang, T. Y.*; Ting, W. H.; Wu, M. Y.; Dai, S. A.; Jeng, R. J* “Exfoliation of Layered Silicates through In Situ Controlled Free Radical Polymerization Mediated by a Silicate-Anchored Initiator” Polymer Chemistry, 2011, 2, 2341.
  38. Chang, C. C.; Juang, T. Y.*; Ting, W. H.; Lin, M. S.; Yeh, C. M.; Dai, S. A.; Suen, S. Y.; Liu, Y. L.; Jeng, R. J.* “Using a Breath-Figure Method to Self-Organized Honeycomb-like Polymeric Films from Dendritic Side-Chain Polymers” Mater. Chem. Phys., 2011, 128, 157.
  39. Chen, Y. C.; Lo, W. C.; Juang, T. Y.*; Dai, S. A.; Su, W. C.; Chou, C. C.; Jeng, R. J.* “Thermally Stable Hyperbranched NLO Polyimides via “A2+B3” Approach” Mater. Chem. Phys., 2011, 127, 107.
  40. Chen, Y. C.; Wu, W. Y.; Juang, T. Y.*; Dai, S. A.; Su, W. C.; Liu, Y. L.; Lee, R. H.; Jeng, R. J.* “Poly(urethane/malonamide) Dendritic Structures Featuring Blocked/Deblocked Isocyanate Units” Polymer Chemistry 2011, 2, 1139.
  41. Lin, H. L.; Juang, T. Y.*; Chan, L. H.; Lee, R. H.; Dai, S. A.; Liu, Y. L.; Su, W. C.; Jeng, R. J.* “Sequential Self-Repetitive Reaction toward Wholly Aromatic Polyimides with Highly Stable Optical Nonlinearity” Polymer Chemistry, 2011,2, 685.
  42. Liu, J. K.; Shau, S. M.; Juang, T. Y.*; Chang, C. C.; Dai, S. A.; Su, W. C.; Lin, C. H.; Jeng, R. J.* “Tailored Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Resins Prepared Using Multiply-Hydrogen-Bonding Reactive Modifiers” J. Appl. Poly. Sci. 2011, 120, 2411.
  43. Juang, T. Y.*; Chen, Y. C.; Tsai, C. C.; Dai, S. A.; Wu, T. M.; Jeng, R. J.* “Nanoscale Organic/Inorganic Hybrids Based on Self-Organized Dendritic Macromolecules on Montmorillonites” Applied Clay Science, 2010, 48, 103.
  44. Chen, Y. C.; Juang, T. Y.*; Wu, T. M.; Dai, S. A.; Kuo, W. J.; Liu, Y. L.; Chen, F. M. C.; Jeng, R. J.* “Orderly Arranged NLO Materials Based on Chromophore-Containing Dendrons on Exfoliated Layered Templates” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2009, 1, 2371.
  45. Lin, H. L.; Chang, H. L.; Juang, T. Y.; Lee, R. H.; Dai, S. A.; Liu, Y. L.; Jeng, R. J. “Nonlinear Optical, Poly(amide-imide)–clay Nanocomposites Comprising an Azobenzene Moiety Synthesised via Sequential Self-Repetitive Reaction” Dyes Pigments, 2009, 82, 76.
  46. Chen, Y. C.; Yang, Y. J.; Juang, T. Y.; Chan, L. H.; Dai, S. A.; Chen, F. M. C.; Su, W. C.; Jeng, R. J. “Dendronized Organic-inorganic Nonlinear Optical Hybrid Materials with Homogeneous Morphology” Synthetic Metals 2009, 159, 1852.
  47. Chen, Y. C.; Juang, T. Y.; Dai, S. A.; Wu, T. M.; Lin, J. J.; Jeng, R. J.  “Optical Nonlinearity from Montmorillonite Intercalated with Chromophore-Containing Dendritic Structure: A Self-Assembly Approach” Macromol. Rapid Comm., 2008, 29, 587.
  48. Chan, Y. N.; Juang, T. Y.; Liao, Y. L.; Dai, S. A.; Lin, J. J.  “Preparation of Clay/epoxy Nanocomposites by Layered-double-hydroxide Initiated Self-polymerization” Polymer 2008, 49, 4796.
  49. Juang, T. Y.; Tsai, C. C.; Wu, T. M.; Dai, S. A.; Chen, C. P.; Lin, J. J.; Liu, Y. L.; Jeng, R. J. “Organo-Clay Hybrids Based on Dendritic Molecules: Preparation and Characterization” Nanotechnology 2007, 18, 205606.
  50. Lin, J. J.; Wei, J. C.; Juang, T. Y.; Tsai, W. C.“Preparation of Protein-Silicate Hybrids from Polyamine Intercalation of Layered Montmorillonite” Langmuir 2007, 23, 1995.
  51. Dai, S. A.; Juang, T. Y.; Chen, C. P.; Chang, H. Y.; Kuo, W. C.; Su, W. C.; Jeng, R. J. “Synthesis of N-Aryl Azetidine-2,4-diones, and Polymalonamides Prepared from Their Selective Ring-Opening Reactions” J. Appl. Poly. Sci. 2007, 103, 3591.
  52. Tsai, C. C.; Juang, T. Y.; Dai, S. A.; Wu, T. M.; Su, W. C.; Liu, Y. L.; Jeng, R. J. “Synthesis and Montmorillonite-Intercalated Behavior of Dendritic Surfactants” J. Mater. Chem. 2006, 16, 2056.
  53. Kuo, W. J.; Chang, M. C.; Juang, T. Y.; Chen, C. P.; Chen, C. T.; Chang, H. L.; Jeng, R. J.  “Stable Second-order NLO Semi-IPN System Based on Bipyridine-containing Polyimide and Alkoxysilane Dye” Polym. Adv. Technol. 2005, 16, 515.
  54. Lin, J. J.; Juang, T. Y. “Intercalation of Layered Double Hydroxides by Poly(oxyalkylene)-amidocarboxylates: Tailoring Layered Basal Spacing” Polymer 2004, 45, 7887.
  55. Chao, Y. P.; Juang, T. Y.; Chern, J. T.; Lee, C. K. “Production of D-p-Hydroxyphenylglycine by N-Carbamoyl-D-amino Acid Amidohydrolase-Overproducing Escherichia coli Strains” Biotechnol. Prog. 1999, 15, 603.

Patent

  1. Su, W. C.; Jeng, R. J.; Juang, T. Y.; Shau, S. M.; Chen, G. L.; Lin, H. S. Multifunctional Hyperbranched Organic Intercalating Agent, Method for Its Manufacture and Its Use. 2015 U.S. Pat. 2015US9,040,604 B2 (May 26, 2015).
  2. Lin J. J.; Chou C. C.; Juang, T. Y. Exfoliative Clay and Derivative Thereof and Method for Producing the Same U.S. Pat. 2006 US 7,022,299 B2.

International Conferences

  1. Juang T. Y. “Development of Fluorescent Water-Soluble Hyperbranched Polymers in Nanomaterials and Biomaterials” 3rd Annual Conference and Expo on Biomaterials 2018, p65, Berlin, Germany (Oral, March 5-6)
  2. Jian‐Cheng Wang, Shu-Fan Shiau, Hao-Wei Chou, Mong Liang, Tzong-Yuan Juang* “Nonconventional fluorescent dyes prepared from wholly-aliphatic Hyperbranched Polymers with low photobleaching for cell image” International Conference on Biomedical Science & The 15th Symposium of the Frontiers of Biomedical Science, 2018, p137, Taichung, Taiwan. (June 29-30)
  3. Tzu-Han Hsin, Jian-Cheng Wang, Shuo-Yen Hsu, Tzong-Yuan Juang* “Green synthesis of highly photoluminescent carbon dots derived from carbonized bamboo for biomedical application” International Conference on Biomedical Science & The 15th Symposium of the Frontiers of Biomedical Science, 2018, p141, Taichung, Taiwan. (June 29-30)
  4. Juang T. Y.; Shau, S.M.; Lin, H. S.; Huang, C. L.; Jeng, R. J. “Graphene Oxide Nanosheets through Molecular Solution-exfoliation based on Globular Hyperbranched Polymers” Conference on Diamond and Carbon Materials 2015, Bad Homburg, Germany (Sep. 6-10)
  5. Juang, T. Y.; Kan, S. J.; Chen, Y. Y.; Tsai, Y. L.; Lin, M. G.; Lin, L. L. “Covalent Immobilization of a Microbial γ-Glutamyltranspeptidase onto Surface-functionized Hyperbranched Poly(amido acids) Magnetic Nanocarriers” 2nd International Conference on Bioinspired and Biobased Chemistry & Materials, 2014, p475, Nice, France (Oct. 15-17)
  6. Juang, T. Y.; Liang, M.; Shiau, S. F.; Chou, H. W. “Preparation and Characterization of Fluorescent Hyperbranched Poly(amido acid)s-Encapsulated Iron-oxide Nanoparticle Hybrids” ACS 246th National Meeting 2013, p158, Indianapolis, USA. (Oral, Sep. 8-12) (NSC 102-2914-I-415-002-A1)
  7. Juang, T. Y.; Shau, S. M.; Dai, S. A.; Jeng, R. J. “Exfoliation of Layered Silicates by in situ Living Free Radical Polymerization Using Silicate-anchored Initiator” 2nd Nano Today Conference 2011, P5-25, Hawaii, USA. (Dec. 11-15) ( NSC 100-2914-I-415-005-A1)
  8. Tzong-Yuan Juang, Jene-Ku Liu, Shenghong A. Dai, Ching-Hsuan Lin, Ru-Jong Jeng “Preparation and Characterization of Reactive Modifier Capable of Hydrogen-bonding: Intermolecular Interaction Involving Epoxy Resin” 2nd International Conference on Nanomechanics and Nanocomposites 2010, p276, Beijing, China.(Oral, Oct. 10-13) (NSC 99-2914-I-415-009-A1)
  9. Tzong-Yuan Juang, Wei-He Ting, Min-Yu Wu, Shenghong A. Dai, Wen-Chiung Su, Ru-Jong Jeng “Polystyrene-Based Nanocomposites by in Situ Living Free Radical Polymerization Using an Initiator-Modified Silicate” The 42nd IUPAC World Polymer Congress 2008, p149, Taipei, Taiwan.(June 29-July 4)
  10. Ru-Jong Jeng, Yung-Chung Chen, Tzong-Yuan Juang, Shenghong A. Dai, Tzong-Ming Wu “Thermally Stable NLO Polyimides Consisting of Montmorillonite Intercalated with a Chromophore-Containing Dendritic Structure: A Self-Assembly Approach” The 42nd IUPAC World Polymer Congress 2008, p105, Taipei, Taiwan.(June 29-July 4)
  11. Huey-Ling Chang, Hsun-Lien Lin, Tzong-Yuan Juang, Shenghong A. Dai, Ru-Jong Jeng “Preparation and Properties of NLO Poly(amide-imide)-Clay Nanocomposites via Sequential Self-Repetitive Reaction” The 42nd IUPAC World Polymer Congress 2008, p151, Taipei, Taiwan.( June 29-July 4)
  12. Ru-Jong Jeng; Tzong-Yuan Juang; Cheng-Che Tsai; Yung-Chung Chen; Tzong-Ming Wu; Shenghong A. Dai “Synthesis and Montmorillonite-Intercalated Behavior of Dendritic Molecules” American Chemical Society 234th National Meeting, 2007, 48, 444-445, Boston, USA.
  13. Tzong-Yuan Juang; Jiang-Jen Lin; Jiun-Chiou Wei; Wei-Cheng Tsai; Shenghong A. Dai “Intercalation of Protein into Layered Montmorillonite Clays via Stepwise Polyamine Exchange” 28th Australasian Polymer Symposium and the Australasian Society for Biomaterials 16th Annual Conference 2006, P2, Rotorua, New Zealand.
  14. Ru-Jong Jeng; Tzong-Yuan Juang; Cheng-Che Tsai; Shenghong A. Dai “Synthesis and Developement of Novel Multi-Hydrongen-Honded Polyurea/Malonamide Dendrons” 28th Australasian Polymer Symposium and the Australasian Society for Biomaterials 16th Annual Conference 2006, A2/6, Rotorua, New Zealand.
  15. Cheng-Che Tsai; Tzong-Yuan Juang; Shenghong A. Dai; Ru-Jong Jeng; Wen-Chiung Su “Polyurea/Malonamide Dendrons as Surfactants for Effective Modification of Montmorillonite” STS M-Polymer Architecture-From Structure to Functional Control, 1st European Chemistry Congress, 2006, Abstract Book, p300, Budapest, Hungary.
  16. Jiang-Jen Lin; Tzong-Yuan Juang; Chih-Cheng Chou “Tailoring Organophilic Properties of Layered Silicates by Amphiphilic Copolymers of Oxyalkylene-Amines” American Chemical Society 224th National Meeting, 2002, 43, 795-796, Boston, USA.

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